During this period, China has undertaken significant work in the conservation of large-scale archaeological sites and the building of archaeological parks, gaining helpful experience in handling the relationship between urban development and the protection of these sites.
Conservation, Ethics, Philosophy
These projects have led to the sustainable development of archaeological heritage and the preservation of cultural diversity, while aiding local communities and generating positive social and economic benefits. By the end of , forty-eight sites in China had been inscribed on the World Heritage List China has succeeded in World Heritage nomination for thirteen consecutive years since This success results from the development by the nation of an effective set of mechanisms for nominating, protecting, managing, monitoring, and researching World Heritage Sites.
Significantly, awareness of heritage conservation has grown in China, thanks to the spread of World Heritage—related concepts, including outstanding universal value, authenticity, and integrity, as well as practices for protecting massive cultural resources, such as the Great Wall, the Silk Road, and the Grand Canal. Since then it has produced a high number of graduates on average ten per year who now work in a variety of posts related to the preservation and enhancement of the built heritage. As its name suggests, the programme deals with issues related to nationally and locally protected buildings and urban areas from a European standpoint.
However, as international charters and methods are analysed, the programme would be suitable for those students from outside Europe. Indeed, one graduate recently has returned to her native Australia to work, and exchange students from Canada and Egypt also have completed elements from the EUC programme as part of their studies.
- Heritage Conservation and the Local Economy.
- Why Do You Keep Buying HIGH and Selling LOW? How to Make Better Investing Decisions.
- Discourses, Opinions, Experiences in Europe, South and East Asia.
- 1. Introduction.
- Heritage Conservation Districts & Studies – City of Toronto.
Taught Courses The range of taught courses is wider in the EUC programme than in most other UK conservation programmes: Historic urban area conservation and regeneration; Building Conservation and Restoration; European Conservation and Rehabilitation practice; Heritage Management, including archaeology, site presentation and historic gardens. Supplementary to these conservation courses, the EUC programme includes a vocational IT course which examines the potential use of the computer in conservation planning.
Each student completes a series of supervised tasks thus achieving skills which will be of use in practice work projects: preparing data bases, using applied graphics, and learning advanced word-processing techniques. Each Tuesday evening, two lectures are presented by national experts drawn from all the main fields covered by the EUC programme. Students, therefore, have access to the latest thinking with regard to conservation theory and practice from around the UK and beyond.
During the interval, when wine is served, students have the opportunity of discussing matters with the guest speakers.
Indeed, many research topics have been fostered by such informal discussions. Given the range of taught courses, it is not surprising that, since , the EUC programme has appealed to graduates from a wide range of subject disciplines: town planning, architecture, art history, history, geography, building surveying. The common denominator amongst each student intake group, however, is a strong interest in preserving and enhancing the built heritage of Europe. In the various practical work exercises — for example conservation area analysis — the varied backgrounds of students enables a full range of group analyses to be undertaken in a multi-disciplinary manner.
Firstly, students complete the vocational Diploma which contains all the taught courses, practical work exercises and examinations.
Conservation and restoration of cultural heritage
After successful completion of this element, students may proceed to prepare a Masters dissertation on a topic of their choice. While some students include aspects of their initial degree discipline in this study topic, the majority focus on a new subject area related to listed buildings, conservation areas, built heritage administration, finance and many other aspects of the historic built environment.
Study Visits During the taught Diploma element, students participate in a number of study visits to city centres, historic towns and individual building projects. In April, a two week field visit to a mainland European country is undertaken. In the last few years, this has been based in Malta which has an extensive range of building, archaeological, urban area and tourist related problems for students to grapple with.
Insights into the programmes of Ukraine’s Cultural Heritage Conservation - CHOICE
As well as field visits to places of interest, students receive talks from Maltese national experts related to current key issues. It was adopted in local and international charters and guidelines on architectural conservation in Europe, South and East Asia.
- EUROPEAN URBAN CONSERVATION.
- Lost and Found.
- Conservation: An Evolving Concept?
- Conservation and restoration of cultural heritage;
- Introductory Chapter: Heritage Conservation - Rehabilitation of Architectural and Urban Heritage!
- Articles - Presevation!
- World War II Infantrymen (You Choose: World War II).
Throughout this period, the concept of authenticity was constantly redefined and transformed to suit new cultural contexts and local concerns. This volume presents colonial and postcolonial discourses, opinions, and experiences in the field of architectural heritage conservation and the use of site-specific practices based on representative case studies presented by art historians, architects, anthropologists, and conservationists from Germany, Nepal, India, China, and Japan.
History and theory of the conservation of the built heritage: principles and approaches
With more than illustrations and a collection of terminologies in German, English, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nevari and Nepali, classical Chinese and standard Mandarin, and Japanese, these cross-cultural investigations document the processual re-configuration of the notion of authenticity. They also show that approaches to authenticity can be specified with key analytical categories from transcultural studies: appropriation, transformation, and, in some cases, refusal.
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