The Movement stood apart from other black organizations at the time because of its powerful, unequivocal demand for equal rights. The Niagara Movement forcefully demanded equal economic and educational opportunity as well as the vote for black men and women.
- A Time For Love / Misty Nights?
- National Endowment for the Humanities.
- 42e. W. E. B. DuBois.
Members of the Niagara movement sent a powerful message to the entire country through their condemnation of racial discrimination and their call for an end to segregation. While the movement had grown to include to members in 34 states by , it also encountered difficulties. Trotter left the movement in to start his own group, the Negro-American Political League.
The Niagara Movement met annually until In that year a major race riot broke out in Springfield , Illinois. Eight blacks were killed and over 2, African Americans fled the city. After a bitter feud within its Massachusetts branch and continuing conflict with Washington, the momentum of the Movement slowed and by , it was disbanded altogether.
Their work, however, was not abandoned. Du Bois and most of the original members were instrumental in the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in , a less radical movement that nevertheless shared the same basic goals.
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The Niagara Movement
Lewis, David Levering Du Bois: Biography of a Race. New York: Henry Holt and Company. Back to top.